Femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty surgery.
Using low energy in each laser pulse in the nanojoule range, the FEMTO models are the ideal tools for tailor-made keratoplasties ranging from penetrating to ultra-thin lamellar grafts or the new liquid penetrating keratoplasties on the FEMTO Z8.
The Z8 and Z6 femtosecond lasers allow for patterns and angles of incisions that are not achievable with conventional trephines. With the use of proprietary software, the newer shapes of wound construction have been associated with better wound integrity, presumed faster donor-recipient junction wound healing, earlier suture removal, less surgically induced corneal astigmatism, and earlier visual rehabilitation.1
Prof. Rupert Menapace
Prof. G. Schmidinger
 Shivanna Y, Nagaraja H, Kugar T, Shetty R. Femtosecond laser enabled keratoplasty for advanced keratoconus. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2013 Aug;61(8):469-72. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.116060. PMID: 23925340; PMCID: PMC3775090.
 Carriazo, César & Cosentino, María. (2021). Corneal Remodeling: A New Alternative Technique to Treat Corneal Ectasia. 10.1007/978-3-030-66143-4_10.